Paired conjunctions are often used in both spoken and written English to make a point, give an explanation, or discuss alternatives. Unfortunately, not only are they difficult to use, but their structure is also rather strict. For this reason, this lesson is a straight forward, teacher-centered, grammar lesson focusing on written and oral production of the target structure.
- Aim: Grammar focus on the use of paired conjunctions
- Activity: Teacher introduction followed by sentence completion, construction and, finally, oral drill work
- Level: Upper-intermediate
- Introduce paired conjunctions by asking students to give reasons for some simple event. Take two of the suggestions and construct target structure sentences using paired conjunctions. For example: Either John has stayed at home or he has been held up in traffic.
- Explain the structure of the paired conjunctions: both… and; not only… but also; either… or; neither… nor
- Distribute worksheets and ask students to match the sentence parts to match both columns to make complete sentences.
- Ask students to complete the second exercise by combining the ideas to make one complete sentence using one of the paired conjunctions.
- Focus on oral production skills by asking paired conjunction questions on the separate teacher sheet.
Match the sentence halves to make a complete sentence.
Sentence Half A:
- Both Peter
- Not only do we want to go
- Either Jack will have to work more hours
- That story was
- Students who do well not only study hard
- In the end, he had to choose
- Sometimes it is
- I would love to take
Sentence Half B:
- but we have enough money.
- neither true nor realistic.
- not only wise to listen to your parents but also interesting.
- and I are coming next week.
- either his career or his hobby.
- both my laptop and my cell phone on holiday.
- but also use their instincts if they do not know the answer.
- or we will have to hire somebody new.
Combine the following sentences into one sentence using paired conjunctions: both… and; not only… but also; either… or; neither… nor
- We could fly. We could go by train.
- She will have to study hard. She will have to concentrate to do well on the exam.
- Jack is not here. Tom is in another city.
- The speaker will not confirm the story. The speaker will not deny the story.
- Pneumonia is a dangerous disease. Small pox is a dangerous illness.
- Fred loves traveling. Jane wants to go around the world.
- It might rain tomorrow. It might snow tomorrow.
- Playing tennis is good for your heart. Jogging is good for your health.
To the teacher: Read the following aloud and have students use paired conjunctions to respond. Example: You know Peter. Do you know Bill? Student: I know both Peter and Jack.
- You like tennis. Do you like golf?
- You don't know Jane. Do you know Jack?
- You are studying Math. Are you studying English?
- You need to work on the weekend. Do you need to work in the evening?
- You don't eat fish. Do you eat beef?
- I know your country has good universities. Does England have good universities?
- He collects money. Does he collect stamps?
- They haven't visited Rome. Have they visited Paris?
Follow up with a paired conjunction quiz.